Brief as it may be, Strunk & White’s little volume is an excellent refresher course for even the most accomplished and diligent scholar of English. The elements of style; an introduction to literary criticism,. Erin Tubridy Gates is the founder and principal designer of Erin Gates Design and is also the creator of the award winning design blog Elements of Style. The Elements of Style William Strunk, Jr. The capper was when a Biology Lab Teaher’s Assistant  — not even a real professor — gave me a “D” on some required lab notes because of several spelling and grammatical errors. Basic Elements of Style – Diction, Syntax, Point of View, Tone, Theme Diction = word choice – A study of diction is the analysis of how a writer uses language for a distinct purpose and effect, including word choice and figures of speech. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Each of these careers often involved the requirement to produce formal documentation. This form of critical analysis refrains from analyzing the biographical and historical context of a poem. I enjoyed reading and the typical curriculum for an English major in college requires a lot of that. But even in 2017, The Elements of Style occupies a pride of place in the canon of literary how-to manuals, with many teachers holding it up Bible-ishly, and with many students following it to the letter. The free Kindle version is an excellent research tool, but E.B.White’s later resurrection and  editorial annotation of Professor Strunk’s, originally mimeographed and hand-stapled, handout is well worth the price of one of Amazon’s  hard copies. It's no wonder, then, that author Peter Barry uses rhetoric to define stylistics as "the modern version of the ancient discipline known as rhetoric," in his book "Beginning Theory. I was confident that my little shortcut to scholarship would work just as well as tedium and elbow grease. Just as a baseball pitcher studies how to properly grip and throw a type of pitch a certain way, to make the ball go in a certain location, and to create a game plan based on a lineup of specific hitters, studying writing and literature helps people to learn how to improve their writing (and thus communication skills) as well as to learn empathy and the human condition. Ever. From the rising-star designer and author of the hit blog, Elements of Style, a full-color, fully illustrated book packed with honest advice, inspiration, ideas, and lessons learned about designing a home that reflects your personality and style. Other articles where Elements of Criticism is discussed: Henry Home, Lord Kames: …is best known for his Elements of Criticism, 3 vol. This book is a terse pocket-guide full of best practices for forming sentences. It is even referenced by some of the other books mentioned in this post. When it was first published, The Elements of Style was favorably reviewed in newspapers nationwide. The Elements of Style Summary. ( Log Out /  So I set about to learn writing by osmosis. Studying a text closely helps to unearth layers of meaning that run deeper than just the basic plot, which happens on the surface level. Analyzing an author's style involves understanding the particular way a text is written. Elements of style studied in literary works are what is up for discussion in any literature or writing class, such as: Elements of style are the characteristics of the language used in the written work, and stylistics is their study. Basic Elements of Style – Diction, Syntax, Point of View, Tone, Theme Diction = word choice – A study of diction is the analysis of how a writer uses language for a distinct purpose and effect, including word choice and figures of speech. I came upon it as the 41 year-old father of a college freshman. As life would have it, I dd not go into the writing business after college but I did get a lot of writing practice in my three pre-retirement careers as bank officer, sales and marketing manager and finally, computer software developer and manager. The reader might wonder how a curt and abbreviated overview of English writing style can be of any value to someone whose journey through academia wasn’t as lackadaisical as my own. American poet Dorothy Parker has, regarding the book, said: (Eric Henderson, The Active Reader: Strategies for Academic Reading and Writing.Oxford University Press, 2007) "To write an effective critical analysis, you need to understand the difference between analysis … An author's way of using the elements creates their distinct writing voice. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Upon its release, Charles Poor, writing for The New York Times, called it "a splendid trophy for all who are interested in reading and writing." Strunk, William. An author’s writing style includes all of the items on the list below, including specific word choice (diction), kind of tone, use of formal or informal language, etc. While until twenty years after my brief sojourn in the Creative Writing program at San Francisco State University (then San Francisco State College.) Art criticism is analyzing and evaluating works of art. Place a comma before and or but introducing an independent clause. Burke paints stylisticians, then, as a kind of Sherlock Holmes character who has expertise in grammar and rhetoric and a love of literature and other creative texts, picking apart the details on how they operate piece by piece—observing style as it informs meaning, as it informs comprehension. I read and read, always with a virtual ear opened for writing and rhetorical style. As art critics, when we look at a painting, sculpture, or other form of art, we don't approach it as something that we like or dislike. Analyzing an author's style involves understanding the particular way a text is written. Analyzing an author's style involves analyzing the writer's unique way of communicating ideas. Various concepts are broken down and many example sentences are provided. Some may swear by it, but let’s be clear: this book is … Elementary Rules From Elements of Style: Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding ‘s In series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas. The classic writing guide by William Strunk Jr. and E. B. I didn’t learn about The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. The Elements of Style (p. 1). Stylistics, then, is the pursuit of understanding key elements of style that affect a given audience's interpretation of a text. Our eldest son Aaron, had just entered our local community college and was showing me the newly purchased textbooks he had arrayed across the top of his bedroom dresser. While until twenty years after my brief sojourn in the Creative Writing program at San Francisco State University (then San Francisco State College.) Its advice ranges from limp platitudes to inconsistent nonsense. The author adopts a variety of style elements depending on his or her purpose, audience, and genre. [David Watson Rannie] It is liberally illustrated with examples, with correct and incorrect usage in parallel, and has a whole section on common mistakes. Great Review. Getting papers back from professors with generous red edit marks not only for grammar mistakes but also stilted and trite phrasing was bad enough. Diction: The correctness of the overall grammar (big picture) or … I came upon it as  the 41 year-old father of a college freshman. Hopefully they will whet the reader’s appetite for Strunk’s witty and sometimes humorous expansion of each subject and also the contributions of Strunk’s posthumous editor and former student, the poet E.B.White. There are various overlapping subdisciplines of stylistics, and a person who studies any of these is known as a stylistician: As far back as ancient Greece and philosophers like Aristotle, the study of rhetoric has been an important part of human communication and evolution as a result. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. It gives advice on grammar, word choice, appropriate use of different syntactical constructions and similar topics. White's The Elements of Style … 4. But when you try to analyze those surface features, you find yourself very quickly being drawn into the realm of rhetoric with its focus on context, audience, and purpose. The Elements of Style is concise, easy to understand and practically perfect. Thanks for the comment, Mitch. White's The Elements of Style … Human life has an aesthetic dimension in most parts of life meaning there will be a lot of potential for criticism. The 18 main topics are organized under the headings, “Elementary Rules of Usage,” “Elementary Principles of Composition,” “A Few Matters of Form,” “Words and Expressions Commonly Misused,” and “Words Often Misspelled.” P. F. It aims to lighten the task of instructor and student by concentrating attention (in Chapters II and III) on a few essentials, the rules of usage and principles of composition most commonly violated. I still have the book and i’m still learning from it. Never tedious or boring, it’s always amazing how the book’s clear and  staccatto presentation of what it represents as the most important tools of intelligent English discourse, is actually fun reading. The original Elements of Style was a textbook written by William Strunk Jr. for his Cornell English class. In the 1970s the term was applied to work by … Learn literature elements style with free interactive flashcards. Tags: Great Writing, Books, Grammer, Elements of Style, The Chronicle Review, If you love an old fashioned grammarian throw down, we've got a good one for you. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Michael Burke describes the field in "The Routledge Handbook of Stylistics" as an empirical or forensic discourse critique, wherein the stylistician is. Assonance: Close repetition of vowels, used for effect. I have a terrible memory, so Strunk & White is a great refresher for me every little once in a while. Art criticism is analyzing and evaluating works of art. Write in a chronological sequence and format in logical sequence (one paragraph: one idea, go from simpler to more complex) Style in writing is not what is said but how it is said. However, he also notes that stylistics differs from simple close reading in the following ways: Stylistics is arguing for the universality of language usage while close reading hinges upon an observation of how this particular style and usage may vary from and thereby make an error relating to the norm. For understanding literary criticism, we first need to drive home the concept of literature which is best not defined on the basis of whether it can be imaginative or fictional. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Vernon Miles Kerr and vernonmileskerr.com with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Raised in Connecticut by a creative mother and self-taught architectural designer, Erin learned to love every aspect of the home building and decorating process from a very young age… Read More New Criticism, in simple terms, is a critical movement that propagates the idea of ‘art for art’s sake’.” In focusing on the text itself (“close reading“), New Critics intentionally ignore the author, the reader, and the social context. Haven’t dusted it off in years but, yeah, Mr. Strunk set me straight once upon a time, as well. Colloquialisms: Informal words, such as slang and regional terms. White has just been republished in a 50th-anniversary edition. A stylistician's textual analysis is influenced by rhetoric reasoning and history. New Criticism coined by John Crowe Ransom’s The New Criticism in 1941, came to be applied to theory and practice that was prominent in American literary criticism until late in t… Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Use the organizer to make notes and observations about the elements of the author’s style. Rhetorical analysis is a form of criticism that uses principles of rhetoric to examine interactions between a text, an author, and an audience. Tags: Great Writing, Books, Grammer, Elements of Style, The Chronicle Review, If you love an old fashioned grammarian throw down, we've got a good one for you. The Elements of Style, Fourth Edition, is the absolute must-have book for anyone aspiring to write any sort of content. 12/13/2020 AP English Language and Composition; 1/3 Style Analysis Directions: There are two parts to this assignment, so read the instructions for Parts 1 and 2 carefully. To quote Stuart Hall: It could be said that growing up in America contributes to an ‘American worldview’. Learn how your comment data is processed. ( Log Out /  The author adopts a variety of style elements depending on his or her purpose, audience, and genre. © Vernon Miles Kerr and vernonmileskerr.com, 2013-2018. 4. The Elements of Style . Thanks to that initial reading of my son’s copy of The Elements of Style, I think I was able to pull it off in a credible manner and even help others to tighten up and improve their own business writing. Some may swear by it, but let’s be clear: this book is … This is an example of cultural c… The new criticism approach is mostly used in poetry analysis and evaluates elements like diction, imagery, stanza structure, verse form, meanings, particularly and complexities of meaning. And a very clever artist has figured out how to illustrate sentence fragments, misused words, the hyphen, participle phrases and lots of other teeth gritting English stumbling blocks—in a very Magritte sort of way. ( Log Out /  New Criticism is an approach to literature made popular in the 20th century that evolved out of formalist criticism. 5. The classic writing guide by William Strunk Jr. and E. B. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Writer's Voice in Literature and Rhetoric, Rhetorical Analysis Definition and Examples, Definition of Belles-Lettres in English Grammer, Word Choice in English Composition and Literature, Overview of Baroque Style in English Prose and Poetry, Definition and Examples of Explication (Analysis), Understanding the Use of Language Through Discourse Analysis, How a character changes throughout the story, element of the story to represent something else, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York, Theme: A message delivered by or shown in a work; its central topic or big idea. Conspicuously surrounded by, and leaving a gap between the weighty books on Sociology, English, Psychology and History was a tiny, thin paperback. ... , Literary style, Sex in Plants, Botany, Plants, Literary Style. In my high school and early college days, “being a writer” was my dream, but the act of writing and pouring through peevish grammar texts was drudgery. (1762), a work remarkable in the history of aesthetics for its attempt to equate beauty with what is pleasant to the natural senses of sight and hearing. How a Thin, Little Volume Fixed a Lifetime of Lazy Scholarship, Criticism | ‘The Elements of Style’ by Strunk & White, Review of Manfred Wolf’s “Survival in Paradise” – As published in the San Francisco Westside Observer, “The Haole” A short story about racial prejudice, Rhetoric | English Phonetics in Plain Text, Northern California’s Mediterranean Climate, Rhetoric | Love Beyond Doctrines and Philosophies, Amnesty and The Enduring Question of Immigration by Manfred Wolf, Theology |God-struggles, a Compendium (Update), Follow Vernon Miles Kerr on WordPress.com, Form the possessive singular of nouns by adding ‘s, In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last, Enclose parenthetic expressions between commas, Place a comma before a conjunction introducing a co-ordinate clause, Do not join independent clauses by a comma, Do not break sentences in two. Kindle Edition. I didn’t learn about The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. Big-Picture Elements. Deconstruction, form of philosophical and literary analysis, derived mainly from work begun in the 1960s by the French philosopher Jacques Derrida, that questions the fundamental conceptual distinctions, or “oppositions,” in Western philosophy through a close examination of the language and logic of philosophical and literary texts. New Criticism was a formalist movement in literary theory that dominated American literary criticism in the middle decades of the 20th century. How an author uses them is what makes one writer's work distinct from another, from Henry James to Mark Twain to Virginia Woolf. It emphasized close reading, particularly of poetry, to discover how a work of literature functioned as a self-contained, self-referential aesthetic object. Here, from the Kindle Edition, are the subjects covered in the Table of Contents. I came upon it as the 41 year-old father of a college freshman. We each may have variations to this, but unless you were raised outside of the United States, you are strongly (consciously or unconsciously) influenced by an American perspective. III. Not that this was some knd of “come to Jesus” moment, when I vowed to  abandon my lazy ways, but I did determine to inculcate the advice and correction of professors and to keep a dictionary handy, looking up any word, the spelling of which I was not absolutely certain. Edit. Asserting that one must first know the rules to break them, this classic reference book is a must-have for any student and conscientious writer. A book review by Danny Yee © 1994 http://dannyreviews.com/. This Study Guide consists of approximately 34 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of The Elements of Style. I don’t understand the last sentence of your Bio at the bottom of the post. White has just been republished in a 50th-anniversary edition. While  until twenty years after my brief sojourn in the Creative Writing program at San Francisco State University (then San Francisco State College.) With respect to this theory, literature falls under th… The Elements of Style was required for my Communication 101 class in 1956. As art critics, when we look at a painting, sculpture, or other form of art, we don't approach it as something that we like or dislike. 3. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. This year marks the 50th anniversary of the publication of William Strunk and E.B. Stylistics is a branch of applied linguistics concerned with the study of style in texts, especially, but not exclusively, in literary works. Elements of Style is a uniquely personal and practical decorating guide that shows how designing a home can be an outlet of person 5th ed. It is even referenced by some of the other books mentioned in this post. Examples and Observations "[C]ritical analysis involves breaking down an idea or a statement, such as a claim, and subjecting it to critical thinking in order to test its validity." Part 1: Copy and paste your selected passage, including title and author, in the space below. In a series of three or more terms with a single conjunction, use a comma after each term except the last. . The Elements of Style is the definitive text and classic manual on the principles of English language read by millions of readers. Most of my writing was for reporting the status of construction projects. . Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “The Elements of Style” by William Strunk Jr.. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. Choose from 500 different sets of literature elements style flashcards on Quizlet. Get this from a library! Here is the introduction to the 1920 edition, available for the Kindle, free of charge, from Amazon.com: “This book aims to give in brief space the principal requirements of plain English style. The Elements of Style was listed as one of the 100 best and most influential books written in English since 1923 by Time in its 2011 list. Also called literary linguistics, stylistics focuses on the figures, tropes, and other rhetorical devices used to provide variety and a distinctness to someone's writing. Formalist criticism still have the book, said: the Elements of style that affect a audience... 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