Leuven, http://www.bermudalaws.bm/site_docs/laws.aspx?RootFolder=/Laws/Consolidated Laws&sel=S (lists Acts in alphabetical order, scroll down to ‘stalking’). These laws permit legal action against anyone using digital technologies to harass others. Some information is provided at: http://www.southasianrights.org/?p=2056 (24 November 2010), and; http://www.southasianrights.org/?p=2316 (27 January 2011). I keep recieveing an email and I know it's bogus! The law on cyberstalking. Cyberstalking is a type of online harassment that involves using electronic means to stalk a victim, and generally refers to a pattern of threatening or malicious behaviors. In the wake of a 2010 High Court direction for the government to develop a policy better to manage the problem of the stalking of women, the government modified the ‘Mobile Court Act 2009’ in November 2010 to allow men who stalk women to be tried summarily. California enjoys the country’s strictest computer and Internet harassment statutes. It may involve any number of incidents including threats, libel, defamation, sexual harassment, or other actions in which to control, influence, or intimidate their target. The Law Fighting Against Domestic Violence 2004 has provisions prohibiting stalking in the context of a domestic relationship. Two newspaper stories outlining the details of the bill are available here: http://www.compasscayman.com/story.aspx?id=27504, http://www.compasscayman.com/caycompass/2010/09/15/Domestic-violence-bill-supported/. What must exist for cyber stalking to be illegal in a state or territory? 27, s265, https://www.retsinformation.dk/forms/r0710 (in Danish). focuses on the difficulties of dealing with international crime in general and international (cyber)stalking in specific. Stalking another person by using the telephone, Internet, or U.S. mail is a felony crime under the criminal law of the United States. There is currently no anti-stalking law in Estonia. Taiwan has no law preventing physical stalking. Details about how stalking may be dealt with are included in the Modena report into stalking in Europe, available at: stalking.medlegmo.unimo.it/RAPPORTO_versione_finale_011007.pdf. It may include false accusations, defamation, slander and libel. This is almost a direct copy of the UK Protection from Harassment Act 1997 and can be found at: http://www.harassment-law.co.uk/law/manxact.htm. Often cyberstalking is seen as a precursor to actual violence in the physical world, therefore it is taken quite seriously by law enforcement. Mention of the draft law can be found in this report: www.eclac.cl/mujer/noticias/paginas/8/36338/Suriname.pdf. International Legislation. There is no specific anti-stalking law in Switzerland, although there is a Civil Code provision (Article 28b) that is intended to protect against harassment and offers the option of a restraining order. In their 2010 annual report. Text of the Act can be found at Singapore Statutes Online by searching for ‘Protection from Harassment’. to repeatedly and incessantly harassing, annoy, threaten, attack, frighten and abuse individuals verbally. This can be downloaded from. Under this law it is a federal felony to cross state lines to stalk or harass an individual if the conduct causes fear of serious bodily injury or death to the stalking victim or to the victim's immediate family members. INTERNATIONAL REPORTING. Comprehensive discussions of the characteristics and status of European stalking laws are provided in the 2007 Modena Group on Stalking report: Protecting women from the new crime of stalking: A comparison of legislative approaches within the European Union and the associated Manual for victims and helping professionals (in multiple languages). International Computer Crime Laws of 45 Countries, Countries with an “a” are discussing the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) in 2010. Penal Code Article 190a § 1, 2, 3 and 4. http://www.arslege.pl/kodeks-karny/k1/s201/ (in Polish), Courtesy of Ms Iwona Jabłońska, Wyszynski University in Warsaw. Stalking is against the law. Computer hacking and the use of advanced spy devices, emission based devices by the predators. However, there are undoubtedly laws criminalising stalking and harassment that we are unaware of. However, implementation of this law is slow and problematic. Law on Protection from Domestic Violence 2005, Article 14 Prohibition of harassment or stalking. http://www.compasscayman.com/story.aspx?id=27504, http://www.compasscayman.com/caycompass/2010/09/15/Domestic-violence-bill-supported/, http://www.wseas.us/e-library/conferences/2012/Zlin/EPRI/EPRI-27.pdf, https://www.retsinformation.dk/forms/r0710, www.unhcr.org/refworld/country,,,,GUY,,492ac7c328,0.html, http://stalking.medlegmo.unimo.it/legislazione click on decreto 23febbraio 2009, 2011, http://hourei.hounavi.jp/hourei/H12/H12HO081.php, http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2009/0134/a134.pdf#page=3, http://www.wetboek-online.nl/wet/Wetboek%20van%20Strafrecht/285b.html. Sometimes the word harassment is mentioned when defining cyberstalking. In December 2011, the Hong Kong government opened a consultation process examining the need for an anti-stalking law and what form such a law would take. Each country fights with cyber crime , own ways. 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