which extends upto the Thar desert extending over to Sindh. The Desert also has an Annual Jeep Rally, known as Annual Cholistan Jeep Rally.. People of cholistan are innocent and their life spends while searching food from one place to … carpet wool , rugs and other woolen items. From this wool they knit beautiful carpets, rugs and other woolen items. Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. Other articles where Cholistan is discussed: Bahawalpur: Farther east the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with mound ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. The Cholistan Desert, locally known as Rohi, constitutes the south eastern region of Punjab Province with an estimated area of 26,000 square KM, covering the districts of … It is also connected to Thar Desert which is extended to Sindh and then into India. Many years ago, a plot of land had been allotted to her father-in-law; in order to cultivate it, she lived here now with a few of her sons and her daughter and her daughter’s daughter, a sombre-eyed girl of eight. Its old civilization has van-ished mainly due to … It is held every year in March in the desert settlement of Channar Pir. The wool got from sheep is sold to get the revenue. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times. The entire area was ruled by a host of kings who securely guarded their frontiers. You drink from coolers of cold water, we have half-empty earthen pots. South-West of Punjab provi nce (Pakistan) and is spread. Cholistan is locally known as Rohi. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. In the southeast, a large area within the districts of Kota and Bundi forms a tableland. The tombs of the ex-rulers of Bahawalpur and their families are located in this fort. Indus Valley Desert. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and intoIndia. [2] PLACES TO VISIT IN PAKISTAN Cholistan. Cholistan Desert is locally known as “Rohi ‘and covers the area of Bahawalpur, Punjab. Livestock in Cholistan represents a notable proportion of total animal population of Punjab province where livestock farming is primarily practiced under very difficult environment as no other livelihood opportunities prevail in the area. The desert hosts an annual jeep rally, which draws many tourists. Various fairs and festivals are common in the Indus Valley. Pakistan is extremely blessed when it comes to the geography. The entir… Der „Desert National Park“ bei Jaisalmer, welcher sich über eine Fläche von knapp über 3000 km² ausdehnt, ist ein gutes Beispiel für das Ökosystem der Thar mit seiner Fauna. The area includes the Thar Desert. Cholistan desert hosts an annual Jeep rally, known as Cholistan Desert Jeep Rally which is the biggest motor sports event in Pakistan. Cholistan Desert . Cholistan Desert. Various kinds of khaddar-cloth are made for local consumption, and fine khaddar bedclothes and coarse lungies are woven here. Indus Valley Desert The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان, also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur Cholistan is a desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square kilometers. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India.. With all these blessings, pakistan is still part of the 3. The famous shrines existing at Uch include those of Hazrat Bahawal Haleem, Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh Bukhari, Makhdoom Jahanian Jahangasht, Shaikh Saifuddin Ghazrooni and Bibi Jawanadi. The desert stretches about 480 kilometers in length, with a width varying between 32 and 192 kilometers. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. Even the cloth trappings of their bullocks and camels are richly colored and highly textured. from Bahawalpur. Setting Sun in Cholistan Desert . However certain festivals gradually became part of their religion as they settled in the sub continent. southern part of Bahawalpur Division (map 1). These fairs and festivals were not held for the sake of pleasure alone, but their venues also served as places where city dwellers, farmers and nomads would meet once or twice a year to exchange their wares and good directly or through the intermediary of bazaar dealers. In addition, they are the main source of meat and milk for people in those regions; therefore, they have the potential to transmit T. gondii to humans. The meaning of Cholistan is Land of the Desert. In a harsh and barren land where rainfall is very sparse and unreliable, Cholistanis rely mainly on their livestock of sheep, goats, and camel. Cotton turbans and shawls are also made here. also locally known as Rohi (روہی), sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 square kilometres (10,200 sq mi). Because of the nomadic way of life the main wealth of the people are their cattle that are bred for sale, milked or shorn for their wool. the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bilcaner to Kapoo. The Cholistan is a desert covering an area of 26,000 Km 2 located between 27°42′ and 29°45′ N latitude and 69°52′ and 75°24′ E longitude (Figure 1) at a height of 112 m above sea level [13-16].Its old civilization has vanished mainly due to a variety of hostile invading problems caused by the Egyptian, Harappan and Mesopotamian civilizations []. Gold and silver bangles are also a product of Cholistan. This famous desert is 30 Km from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km. The name is derived from the Turkic word chol, meaning “sands”, and istan, a Persian suffix meaning “land of”. You travel in jeeps and cars, we sit atop camels. The dry bed of Hakra river lies across this area. From the settlements near the crumbling fort to the canal-straddled fields miles away, everyone brought up the wedding in the desert, talking about it with the casual familiarity of next-door neighbours. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India. It sprawls in Bahawalpur area of Punjab, Pakistan. During the Partition, they moved to the safety of the neighboring Hindu states of Bikaner and Jaisalmar. Six-and-a-half million acres of sprawling desert, nine men to each square kilometre of sand — yet on that morning, Cholistan seemed very much like a small town. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. All around them, past the caterer-provided shamianas, past the tractor trolley piled high with stacked chairs, the desert stretches endlessly: sand in the air, sand on the ground, small eddies of sand swirling into the horizon. It is located between 27°42΄00΄΄ to 29° 45΄00΄΄ north, and 69°57' 30'′ to 72° 52' 30'′ east. BAHAWALPUR: Bahawalpur police claimed to have arrested two suspected Indian spies from the Cholistan desert area.On the directives of the court, the suspects have been sent to … It is believed that it came into existence way back in 500 BC. Covering 16,000 square kilometers, it joins the other largest desert “Thar” in Sindh province of Pakistan and extends to India. Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان ‎, also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 16,000 square kilometres (6,200 sq mi). The desert locust population will enter the Cholistan area as these have already entered the areas of Tharparkar and Nara, he said. The Cholistan Desert plays host to an annual Jeep Rally which has gained international fame over the years. The name is derived from the Turkic word chol, meaning “sands”, and istan, a Persian suffix meaning “land of”. The Brela or Malgade with high yielding camel breed come to … Like other desert areas, Cholistan is als o among the socio- economically poorest areas of Pakistan, l acking the facili ties of infrastructure, e fficient transport ation , education and health etc . Masons, stone carvers, artisans, artists, and designers started rebuilding the old cities and new sites, and with that flourished new courts, paintings, weaving, and pottery. The rampart walls are intact and still guarded by the personal guards of the Amir of Bahawalpur. It adjoins the Thar desert extending over to Sindh and into India. Cholistan Desert also locally known as Rohi sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 16,000 km². the first line of forts began from Phulra and ended in Lera, the second from Rukhanpur to Islamgarh, and the third from Bilcaner to Khaploo. over an area of 26,000 km 2 with patches of highly saline . Moreover, isolated as they were, they had to depend upon themselves for all their needs like food, clothing, and all the items of daily use. Dec 29, 2015 - The Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولِستان‎; Punjabi: صحرائے چولستان), also locally known as Rohi (روہی), sprawls thirty kilometers fromBahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 square kilometres (10,200 sq mi). Pakistan features a diverse array of elevated peaks, snow mountains, irrigated immense plains, coasts, freezing and burning deserts. It is also connected to Thar Desert which is extended to Sindh and then into India. The bride at the desert wedding is only a little older — 12, they say. Cholistan Desert Around 10% of Pakistan’s total landmass is covered in desert. The meaning of Cholistan is Land of the Desert. Out in the open, the groom, older but clearly a young man still, looks equally burdened: the garland around his neck covers almost his entire frame and, for good luck, he clutches a metal stick, heavily embellished. which extends upto the Thar desert extending over to Sindh. The Cholistan Desert, also known as the Rohi Desert among the locals is located in the southern region of Pakistan. Pak Study Mcqs . Farther east, the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. The Shrine of Channan Pir is located 45 Km from Derawar Fort. The festival culminates with the burning of effigies of the wicked Ravana and his associates. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Cho, which means desert. In Pakistan: The desert areas …is variously known as the Cholistan or Rohi Desert in Bahawalpur and the Pat or Thar Desert in Sind. The Cholistan Desert occupies an area of 26,300 square km stretching from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan to the Thar Desert of India. She lived in the desert too, but her own house, next to Derawar Fort and near a road, seemed to make her regard herself as separate from the nomads deeper inside, where the metalled road faded into the white flatness, dahar, of the desert. The word ‘Cholistan’ … Farther east, the Rohi, or Cholistan, is a barren desert tract, bounded on the north and west by the Hakra depression with ruins of old settlements along its high banks; it is still inhabited by nomads. It adjoins the Thar Desert, extending over to Sindh and into India. The Desert is home to the famous Derawar Fort which was built by the nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733. One comes across a chain of forts, built at 29 km intervals when traveling in the Cholistan Desrt, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. The annual Urs is held at the beginning of March. Leatherwork is another important local cottage industry due to the large number of livestock here. 9. kms area. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. an area of 16,000 km². There is a rain forest in Cholistan named “Dodhla Forest”. Other than the products mentioned above, Khusa (shoes) is a specialty of this area. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. A colourful fair known as ‘Mela Channan Pir’ is held here. Cholistan Desert is 30km from Bahawalpur and extends over an area of 16,000 km². The Cholistan desert covering an area of 26,000 km 2, lies within South of Bahawalpur in the Punjab extending through the Nara and Thar deserts of Sindh between 27˚42ʹN and 29˚45ʹN latitude and 69˚52ʹE and 75˚24ʹE longitude [1] at an altitude of about 112 m above sea level [2]. A beautiful cloth called Sufi is also woven of silk and cotton, or with cotton wrap and silk wool. Camel wool is spun and woven into beautiful woolen blankets known as falsies and into stylish and durable rugs. Around him, guests cluster near cauldrons of food or lounge under shamianas — curiously, this desert wedding is being arranged by a professional caterer. The average annual rainfall is only 12 cm, and the little cultivation is made possible by underground wells, drawn up by the camels. Pottery industry is thriving here due to its rich soil and different products like pitchers, Surahies, glasses and piyalas. It adjoins the Thar Desertextending over to Sindh and into India. Khwaja Ghulam Farid was a Sufi poet, who through his mystical writings and poetry not only developed the language a lot, but also gave it a boost. Prior permission of the senior Amir of Bahawalpur is required to enter the fort. Because the word from the Turkish language which means desert. Before it became a tourist attraction, the Drawar Fort was the residence of the Nawab of Bahawalpur and there are still remains of Nawab’s quarters in the Drawar fort. Near the Drawar fort, the TDCP Cholistan Jeep Rally is organized every year since 2005. Camels are highly valued by the desert dwellers. Around 1.6 million cattle are found in the area and they can be easily increased to a great level if only the government puts in special efforts to upgrade the productivity of this area. Over 100 trained desert drivers with modified cars compete in this rally and hundreds of thousands of people from all over the world come to see this. It is still in a good condition. CHOLISTAN - Gateway to Adventure. This would be the second threat of invasion by the swarms as this year the situation aggravated for the first time in many decades. This famous desert is 30 Km from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km. The word ‘Cholistan’ is derived from the word ‘cholna’ which means moving. Chunri is another form of dopattas, having innumerable colors and patterns like dots, squares, and circles on it. The PC-1 pertains to the desiltation of 1,100 water ponds (Rs465 million) and 31 schemes of the rehabilitation of 31 damaged roads (Rs66 million) in the desert. Mcq Added by: Mehran Ali. http://www.tourism.gov.pk/cholistan_punjab.html, sprawls 30 km (19 mi) from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. Cholistan is the only desert that exists in both Pakistan and India. Cholistan also boasts of many old forts such as Derawar,Vingrot, Banwar, Marcot, Wilhar, Maujgharh, Mao, Phuira and Din-gharh etc. “There was henna on her hands,” Rasheeda said grimly, drawing the little girl close. Drawar Fort is the major landmark of Cholistan Desert, located 48 kilometres from Dera Nawab Sahib (once headquarters and the seat of the rulers of Bahawalpur state). Livestock in Cholistan represents a notable proportion of total animal population of Punjab province where livestock farming is primarily practiced under very difficult environment as no other livelihood opportunities prevail in the area. It has always been as orthodox and conservative as the people who speak it. Adding to that the locals always wear brightly colored clothes mostly consisting of brilliant reds, blazing oranges shocking pinks, and startling yellows and greens. Even today the likes, dislikes, attitudes, and values of the people are the same as their forefather centuries back. Office# 01-02, Samdani Street, Main Saddar road, Peshawar Cantt Mon - … The demand of milk, butter and animal fats is met from this source. The Cholistan Desert also locally known as Rohi sprawls 30 km (19 mi) from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 26,300 km2 (10,200 sq mi). But what makes Cholistan most conspicuous in this respect is that here the greatest Mela of the Indus Valley is celebrated in the best Indo-Scythian tradition. 4. However, in cold nights of winter they huddle indoor and engage themselves in various arts and crafts such as textiles, weaving, leatherwork, and pottery. Cholistan desert of today, covers an area of about 2.6 million hectares, constituting the southern part of Bahawalpur Division (map 1) . The Aryans were fond of beauty and soma- intoxicating liquors. In the desert areas of Pakistan the utility of such fairs cannot be denied that are parts of valley’s social structure now. Cholistan Desert. [7] Various fairs and festivals are  common in the Indus Valley. The rulers were the great patrons of art, and the various crafts underwent a simultaneous and parallel development, influencing each other. At the time of the invasion by Alexander the Great, Uch was under Hindu rule. This entire vastness belongs to them, in theory if not on paper: when this pond of water, their toba, shrinks to a puddle, they will gather their animals and move away, to wherever the presence of water leads them. Identifying and developing the potential areas of livestock production in the country is part of the overall developmental strategy for this sector. Occupying the far south of Punjab, Cholistan is the largest desert in Pakistan, covering over 25,000 sq. It adjoins the Thar Desert extending over to Sindh and into India.. The dry bed of Hakra river lies across this area. Later, a singer from a nearby town will arrive rattling on a scooter, a man in a festive yellow kameez with perfect black hair and brilliant white teeth and the self-conscious air of a minor celebrity, but for now women gather outside the hut of the bride and sing songs: old ones passed down over generations and newer ones popular on the radio, their desert dialect speckled with slang and snatches of Urdu: It is the hyperbolic lament of a doomed lover – a sad song, technically – but the women don’t sing it in that manner. The tombs have nice glazed blue tile work. The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life, moving from one place to another in search of water and fodder for their animals. Cholistan desert of today, covers an area of about 2.6 million hectares, constituting the . The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. The Cholistan desert, or Rohi, is the western part of the Thar desert of the sub-continent which lies in modern Pakistan. Cholistani khusas are very famous for the quality of workmanship, variety, and richness of designs especially when stitched and embroidered with golden or brightly colored threads. The study area: The Cholistan desert is situated in the . The local dialect was believed to be spoken by a rough, rude, and warlike people who liked to disobey every law and rule of grammar imposed by the so called super-cultured class of the Brahmans and their purified and gifted Sanskrit, which was the language of Indian Hindus. But in Aryan society such festivals were limited and their purpose was to teach people the values of conjugal fidelity, brotherly love, and obedience to paternal authority. The Drawar fort is a major tourist attraction and it attracts a lot of foreigners because of its heritage and its links to on of the oldest civilizations in the history of the world, the Indus Civilization. You live in a palace-like bungalow, we have only our humble huts. Derawar Fort is located 48 Km from Dera Nawab Sahib. It is no more a neglected language, once attributed to the camel-driving Jats and semi-nude Baloch tribes. The word Cholistan is derived from the Turkish word Chol, which means Desert. The word Cholistan is derived from 'Cholna' which means moving. [6] Various fairs and festivals are common in the Indus Valley. Cholistan produces very superior type of carpet wool as compared to that produced in other parts of Pakistan. Pakistan is one of the very few countries in the world which has mountainous peaks, a huge portion of ocean linked to it, access to warm waters all over the year and deserts in a comparatively small area. The name "Cholistan" is derived from the Turkish word "chol," meaning "desert," though the desert is locally known as Rohi. This famous desert is 30 Km from Bahawalpur and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km. The language suffered a great loss when the Saraiki-speaking Hindus migrated to India during the Partition, and were replaced by the Muslim refugees from there. Cholistan Desert (Urdu: صحرائے چولستان, also locally known as Rohi) sprawls thirty kilometers from Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan and covers an area of 16,000 km². Cholistan covers an area of 25,800 km (10,000 sq mi) in the Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahim Yar Khan districts of southern Punjab. Cholistan thus means Land of the Desert. She sits stricken in the centre of a charpoy, bowed by jewellery and flanked by cheerful women relatives. There were three rows of these forts. Extends to India a cholistan desert area festival called Rama Lilla is 30 km from,! Superior type of carpet wool as compared to that produced in other parts of Pakistan s. And fat peaks, snow mountains, irrigated immense plains, coasts freezing. 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