Ultimately, the goal of this plan is to increase immigration in the province and welcome at least 1700 immigrants annually. Newfoundland and Labrador is spread over a huge landmass, divided into two geographical parts, separated by the Strait of Belle Isle. Most of Labrador (from Cartwright north and west) uses Atlantic Time (UTC−4 in winter, UTC−3 in summer). HIGH SCHOOL REPORTS: P.E.I. The French territory of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon lies off the coast of the Burin Peninsula in southeastern Newfoundland. The mountains give way to a plateau that slopes gently downward to the northeastern coast, with its many headlands, islands, and bays. It is also the location of four 16th-century Spanish galleons. Considerable friction between the governments of Newfoundland and Quebec was generated by the complaints of those who had obtained Quebec grants to settle along the coast between the River St. John and Blanc Sablon and conduct sedentary fisheries - the Newfoundland authorities being intent upon encouraging the migratory fishery. 1941: Canada builds the air base at Goose Bay. Also don't underestimate the power of the largely uninhabited Newfoundland interior. Les ministres rappellent qu'aucun gouvernement québécois n'a reconnu formellement le tracé de la frontière entre le Québec et Terre-Neuve dans la péninsule du Labrador selon l'avis rendu par le comité judiciaire du Conseil privé de Londres en 1927. At the time, Newfoundland and Labrador was not yet part of Canada. For the first seven decades or so of the sixteenth century, the name Labrador was sometimes also applied to what we know as Greenland. The island of Newfoundland is the most easterly part of Canada, while the vast region of Labrador is largely inaccessible. There's much to see in the Tundra of Labrador (often called \"the Big Land\"), the \"mini-Rockies\" of the West Coast's Long Range Mountains and Lewis Hills, the historic Avalon Peninsula, home to the capital of St. John's. Lavrador in Portuguese means "farmer". One of Newfoundland's conditions for joining Confederation in 1949 was that this boundary be entrenched in the Canadian constitution. Coeditor of. However, in 1809 the British Imperial government detached Labrador from Lower Canada for transfer to the separate, self-governing Newfoundland Colony. The south eastern tip nearest Newfoundland uses Newfoundland Time (UTC−3:30 in winter, UTC−2:30 in summer) to stay co-ordinated with the more populous part of the province. The province’s two main components—Newfoundland island and Labrador—must be treated as separate physiographic regions. Home to over 10,000 black bears, Newfoundland and Labrador is truly bear country. At Arluk, Keith estimates that the biggest they've seen is 54 inches. Western Labrador is also home to the Iron Ore Company of Canada, which operates a large iron ore mine in Labrador City. Gov.nl.ca is the official website for the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. During the 1960s, the Churchill River (Labrador name: Grand River) was diverted at Churchill Falls, resulting in the flooding of an enormous area – today named the Smallwood Reservoir after Joey Smallwood, the first premier of Newfoundland. As part of Newfoundland since 1809, Labrador was still being disputed by Quebec until the British resolved their border in 1927. Lands that drain into the Atlantic Ocean are part of Labrador, while lands that drain into Hudson Bay are part of Quebec. Of perhaps greater significance have been the great fish stocks that inhabited the Grand Banks and other fishing grounds to the east and south of Newfoundland, spurring the development of numerous communities stretched along some 14,400 miles (23,200 km) of deeply indented wave-battered seacoast. The first COVID-19 vaccines will be administered to dedicated frontline me… @nlliberals RT @FureyAndrew: Honoured to witness the historic moment of the first shipment of COVID-19 vaccine arriving in Newfoundland and Labrador … There are MANY benefits for employers in hiring immigrants. They gave this "new land" its Latin name Terranova. @nlliberals RT @PremierofNL: What a great day for Newfoundland and Labrador. The Labrador boundary dispute is settled. Labrador, with an area of 113,641 square miles (294,330 square km), is geologically part of the Canadian Shield, which comprises some of the world’s oldest rocks. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Labrador constitutes a federal electoral district electing one member to the House of Commons of Canada. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Canadian government built a major air force base at Goose Bay, at the head of Lake Melville during the Second World War, a site selected because of its topography, access to the sea, defensible location, and minimal fog. It is the largest and northernmost geographical region in Atlantic Canada. Using the elements the committee had found to be uppermost in the minds of the public, Newfoundland artist, Christopher Pratt, drafted many proposals, six of which he submitted to the committee. The North Coast is the most isolated region of Labrador, with snowmobiles, boats, and planes being the only modern modes of transportation. The Labrador Coast boasts ten microclimates, including subarctic tundra, high boreal forest, string bog and coastal barrens. In 1499 and 1500, the Portuguese explorers João Fernandes Lavrador and Pro de Barcelos reached what was probably now Labrador, which is believed to be the origin of its name. During the first half of the 20th century, some of the largest iron ore deposits in the world were discovered in the western part of Labrador and adjacent areas of Quebec. Once a refuelling point for plane convoys to Europe during World War II, CFB Goose Bay is now operated as a NATO tactical flight training site. Construction of a large hydroelectric dam project at Muskrat Falls began in 2012 by Nalcor Energy and the Province of Newfoundland. 521,542. Of Canada’s 35 largest cities, St. John’s is the most food insecure, with one in six households not sure where their next meal is coming from, according to their data. The lighthouse at Point Amour is the second-largest lighthouse in Canada. TechNL, industry organizations team up for Newfoundland and Labrador innovation centre Updated Dec 17, 2020 at 7:20 p.m. FFAW, Grieg NL and Barry Group on … These "highways" are so called only because of their importance to the region; they would be better described as roads, and are not completely paved. The station is now exhibited in the Canadian War Museum.[6]. These are real trophy moose – mature bulls with stunning racks. And in Newfoundland and Labrador, ours are the best of the best. The interior is like a giant saucer dotted with lakes and dissected by rivers that break through the eastern saucer rim to discharge into the Labrador Sea. [19], This article is about the region in Canada. (2016) 519,716; (2019 est.) Each of those regions is described below. It’s a program that could see eligible applicants receive a non-repayable, one-time contribution Labrador (/ˈlæbrəˌdɔːr/ LAB-rə-dor) is a geographic and cultural region within the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Conceivably, if built with federal aid, the 1949 terms of union would be amended to remove ferry service from Nova Scotia to Port aux Basques across the Cabot Strait. 2001: The province officially changes its name to, 2007: The province and Federal Government of Canada sign an agreement to establish, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 17:36. Newfoundland and Labrador are famous for their rugged scenery, cool wet maritime climate, and long history separate from Canada. Due to its size, distinct nature, and large Aboriginal population, Labrador has one seat despite having the smallest population of any electoral district in Canada. On the west coast the land rises abruptly from a narrow coastal plain to the Long Range Mountains, which reach a maximum height of 2,670 feet (814 metres). According to the 2011 Census, Labrador was 55.1% White, 18.5% Inuit, 15.6% Metis, and 8.6% First Nations (Innu). Labrador played strategic roles during both World War II and the Cold War. The province's active caseload … It is believed that the Norsemen were the first Europeans to sight Labrador around 1000 AD, but no Norse remains have been found on the North American mainland. https://www.britannica.com/place/Newfoundland-and-Labrador, CRW Flags - Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, Official Tourism Site of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, Official Site of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, The Canadian Encyclopedia - Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, Memorial University of Newfoundland - Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage, Newfoundland and Labrador - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Newfoundland and Labrador - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). … Labrador ( from Cartwright North and West ) uses Atlantic time ( UTC−4 in winter, UTC−3 in )! Belle Isle Quebec government and Britain ( 2019 est. forest, bog! World War II and the province our editors will review What you ’ submitted! 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