Brian, Thanks always for great interviews, including this one. Today’s interviewee has covered lodging, gaming, and home building, and he can tell you all about properties and REITs as well – so let’s get started and learn how the sector is divided, how valuation works, and what you need to know when interview season begins. Q: Once again, lots of information there – but it sounds like the different multiples are the main point to keep in mind? 3 Getting ready to invest 4 Saving versus investing 5 Getting started – discipline and planning are key 6 Define your goals and investment time frame 8 Decide if you need income, growth or both 9 … There are pockets of activity around the globe known for this segment – Las Vegas, Atlantic City, and Macau come to mind (see page 19 here). The idea is that you take the REIT’s projected NOI and divide it by the appropriate Cap Rate (you can go granular and divide this into different regions or property types) to figure out the value of their gross real estate assets. Q: Finally, some people claim that going into real estate makes your skill set much more specific and limits you to ONLY real estate-related opportunities. What is an Investment Bank? They foucs on small single family homes and the responsibilities included deal and property analysis, but also a lot of marketing. Sorry that I asked a question about the CFA. We respect your privacy. Would a strong background in residential real estate help a person who wants to do real estate investment banking, regardless of whether they apply as an analyst or a managing director? Some firms also use Prospective Buyer Analysis to see if other buyers could execute the transaction without having EPS decline immediately afterward; you’ll see it referred to as Affordability Analysis as well. That is somewhat true, yes, but it varies by sector and how much REIT work you do vs. work with other sub-sectors. Would BAML or HFF be near the top of that list? In simple terms, real estate investment banking is the act of connecting capital seekers with capital providers. Great article. I’m not saying it’s impossible to go from one to another, but you would be better positioned coming in from a general finance background as opposed to a realty background. You might expect to see similar offerings from construction equipment (Deere and Deere Finance) or even automotive (ex: GM) makers. Your email address will not be published. position? Thx a lot. Partially, that’s because individual properties (with some exceptions) are generally not worth enough for us to get deeply involved; also, property sales are more the domain of real estate brokers rather than investment bankers. I plan on going for my MBA maybe 4 or 5 years after I graduate, but I’m just not sure what the best option for me is in that 4/5-year period. Will you be doing lots of M&A deals, or are financings more common? I meant getting IB experience at switching over, though you can also speak with a middle market fund to establish your contact first. This business plan lays out a simple strategy for developing a long-term real estate investment company by leveraging an initial investment of $43,000. It’s the inverse of valuation multiples: a 20x multiple corresponds to a 5% Cap Rate, and a 10x multiple corresponds to a 10% Cap Rate. Quick question about exit opportunity of working at a small~mid-sized REIT? Any day of the week, you can use Bloomberg’s command, and click ‘Financial Advisors.’ Click any of the names, and you can see a list of deals done by the firm. Below is a list of questions candidates have been asked in recent years. Something else in that “Gaming, Lodging, and Real Estate” space would help with more generalist roles… for example, casinos are a bit closer to normal companies. LBOs do happen, but they’re not as common since REITs are already heavily leveraged. I would be in working in the firm’s corporate finance/capital markets team. Consult our team of experts for market-leading financial support in areas such as private and capital funding and M&A to support your real estate financial investment . UBS Asset Management's Real Estate & Private Markets business (REPM), created by the consolidation of real estate and infrastructure, acknowledges that real … If you're new here, please click here to get my FREE 57-page investment banking recruiting guide - plus, get weekly updates so that you can break into investment banking. The purpose is to create a portfolio of real estate … Problem is, they’re both the same firm. The conflict I’m having is that going into a large firm I won’t get the knowledge necessary to do small personal deals, but would give a higher salary and connections if I wanted to start my own fund later on. Currently a non-target junior and am offered an internship in the investment sales Team in one of the top brokerage firm (CBRE, JLL, HFF) and a small REIT (non S&P 500). Just wondering if there’re any downsides to this move if I’m certain about my interest in RE. Here’s an example of a confidential information memorandum: If you were to buy a portfolio of real estate properties, you might have to value each property on its own (using Cap Rates and perhaps a type of DCF analysis). Your email address will not be published. I became highly interested in real estate as an undergraduate, where I had a business degree (finance and real estate concentrations) from a top-10 program. Q: That’s a lot of information, but it sounds like NAV is the key methodology that’s a lot different from what you see in other industries. Are there any books about real estate that you would recommend to someone who is just getting started in the sector? Applying sooner generally makes it easier to break in. Also, REPE funds tend to acquire/sell fewer properties and may focus more on turnarounds and other improvements since they’re not managing an entire portfolio of hundreds/thousands of properties. American Casino & Entertainment, prepared by Bear Stearns. 3�]`-`�w`��I`yΐ���+�� �,��l"X�2�_38^`���p���_��.��6�F�`���Pl��4=|Nx��GYq�{Yq��2��b ���Q]��4�6j�rL ���fRQ��P��:��#蚥ͤ�褱5K{���B��E�����FF���nʂL��Xǥ-'(����X�hr�B��0C�pV�3��+�pt��i7����P���������P� A: That’s a really broad question, because valuation depends heavily on the sub-sector. I’d say networking, knowing how to pitch your story & knowing your strength/weaknesses are more important than taking courses. How realistic is it to generate a significant six figure income at this type of firm? Q: Sure., Private equity real estate fund is a collective investment scheme, which pools capital from investors. The only real downside is that you won’t be able to join generalist PE firms/banks/other funds as easily in the future, especially if you stay in RE for several years. For real estate … Expertise. Just trying to get more insight. One is an associate position for Asset Management at a BB. Great interview, thank you! It will also reduce the value of loans collateralized by real estate … Considerations for investment banking 4. I ultimately want to land on a job at REIB upon graduation – BB or not, it doesn’t matter – and was wondering if I am doing the right thing by pursuing the CFA. 3 J.P. … Yes, it’s possible, but, as I said, it’s not ideal because real estate development deals are different from M&A and capital raising deals that most banks work on. If I am interested in working at a REPE firm, what type of firm (local small fund, middle market, megafund?) Joining industry organizations in real estate might also help.”. be used for real estate. h�b```�Y,��D@(� I allude to exit and growth opportunities. Otherwise, I think just the Excel & Fundamentals course will do if you just want to brush up on basic financial modeling skills. Hey, sorry, not sure how we missed this question. Since he said real estate development is a completely different skill set than reits and the like would it be unrealistic to take a financial analyst job with a real estate developer as a stepping stone to get into real estate investment banking? I have 3 weeks before I start training for my IB job. The properties here may range from single-family to townhomes to condominiums (NB: home builders might be classified under industrials). Your information will not be shared. A company such as KB Home (NYSE: KBH) might have a particularly strong presence in the Southwestern and Southeastern US. The object of this start-up company is to purchase one to two residential properties per year, over the next 10-15 years. Our KeyBanc Capital Markets ® platform provides full-service financing for all types of Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) and private owners of real estate, from both the public and private equity markets, and includes joint venture funding and both buy-side and sell-side advisory services. Although I suspect comp would still be lower here as well. Please see: Yes, I meant REIB. I’d stay in real estate. In terms of time to complete the course, you go through every single lesson and complete all the Excel file exercises, we estimate a completion time of 35-40 hours. Accounting framework 2. Many of these questions are like a verbal quiz about real estate. Working at a REIT, RE PE firm, or even a brokerage would be better options. Luis Miguel Ochoa has facilitated a variety of strategic initiatives from corporate acquisitions to new market development. Also, how often are sponsors involved in the space? Q: Awesome! It certainly takes a lot of time out of me so I think next semester all I’ll be doing is studying for school (18 credits) and for the CFA, but do you think it might be better for me to just network and search for more jobs rather than putting all of my time into the CFA? Hello, I’m a rising senior at a non-target school, double-majoring in subjects unrelated to finance. Demand for houses is the strongest indicator of where this sector is going – in a poor economy with high unemployment, home building is not a great place to be. Expect Bank of America Merrill Lynch and Deutsche Bank to be near the top of the league tables. Thank you so much. If you’ve already seen people in those roles transition into real estate IB, why are you asking this question? (e.g. Thanks for the reply. Financings are more common in the other sectors as well. Pricing, promotion (think or, and the occupancy rates for hotels influence this sector. PNC Bank and certain of its affiliates, including PNC TC, LLC, an SEC-registered investment adviser wholly-owned by PNC Bank, do business as PNC Real Estate. REITs might be diversified, or they might focus on a specific sector like commercial, residential, retail, industrial (ex: warehouses), healthcare, and so on; some firms might have a geographic concentration as well. They buy and sell properties, operate and improve them, and sometimes even develop new properties. 1127 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<01200B28B2764618928E2EF1E3D8691F>]/Index[1115 21]/Info 1114 0 R/Length 80/Prev 1573148/Root 1116 0 R/Size 1136/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream So then it’s not surprising that the sector often features…. The difference is that REIT is publicly listed. I am currently struggling because I graduated with degree in engineering from a well known school. Form L-8 – Affidavit for Non-Real Estate Investments: Resident Decedents . the fund in real estate. Less technical, more career-related question. Interviewers will probably not go into details re your financial knowledge given your qualitative background. If you want to move elsewhere, you need to demonstrate interest in other areas by researching them, reading sector pages, and reading the articles on this site about other groups, areas, and regions. Anything specific to real estate? You value a REIT differently from a home building company. more on real estate and REIT modeling and valuation, Moving into real estate development is rare,,,,, And you value individual properties differently from both of those. Q: I know we’re not focused on networking here, but any tips on how to stand out? You’ve heard those words plenty of times when it comes to real estate – whether you’re just casually interested or you fully intend to become the next real estate guru. Do I continue working as a researcher and use the MBA to change careers or find a job in finance or on the sales side of commercial real estate before applying to an MBA program? \��/�װT;r?���8㞊PV�A͍���+B@��4A� $�3���Ҍ@��cT�DBL����� uYj��Pu_ /+�d Some other opportunity with a REIT, REPE group, or development company? With REITs, DCFs and Dividend Discount Models can often give you similar values because FFO – Recurring CapEx tends to be close to the actual dividends issued. So I will first go through the Excel & Fundamentals course. I’m currently in a BB on the technology side. O�J*@���y�7H�j?������ My work experience before real estate was in marketing working for a start-up. As Nicole said, most likely buy-side at some type of smaller RE investment firm. I also have Masters in Sciences (MS) in Investment/Financial management. A: Real estate is one of the broader coverage areas in investment banking, … We’re going to fix that with an interview from an analyst who networked his way into real estate IB, coming from a non-target state school. I went to a state school and networked quite a bit with alumni to find my role. We provide full-service … I’m doing this to prove that I can actually be a quantitative person as my majors are very qualitative, but do you think it’s worth it? As I said in response to your other comment: “Learn real estate finance on your own, do some case studies (search our site), research properties or REITs so you can speak intelligently about the sector, and network directly with people in the RE group at the bank. Mr. Bossung served as Co-Head of LBREM, overseeing $1.7 billion of loan commitments, and has also held leadership roles in the Global Real Estate Investment Banking Group and the Real Estate … I have worked at a leading RE brokerage (think of RE/MAX, Coldwell Banker or Century 21) as an intern. This summer I landed on an internship at one of the top brokerage firms (CBRE, HFF, JLL), and am preparing for the CFA level 1 to take it in December. Cash flow statements Accounting and analysis for mergers and acquisitions 1. %%EOF Commercial Real Estate Investing 101 Magnify Your Equity Return Using Leverage Although this is a very simplified comparison, the analysis shows the dramatic effect leverage can have on returns. Use this form for release of: New Jersey bank accounts; Stock in New Jersey corporations; Brokerage accounts; and New Jersey investment bonds. The investment banker analyses the capital stock such as preferred equity and JV equity and identifies potential capital sources in terms of investment … The path of least resistance is to make a move over to real estate directly at your current firm if you can do so. If you haven’t gone through the Excel & Fundamentals course, we’d recommend that first. 0 Others are more like miniature cases based on real situations in real estate. But how is working in an PE (RE) firm different from working in a REIT? And I am assuming people in the group will not be doing LBO as well? The key driver here is how well casinos can keep gamblers inside the casino and spending money (hence all those free bottles when you gamble away your bonus in Vegas…). You would have a good chance, but it depends on how much you network and what your deal experience looks like as well. I have been networking but I am not sure if my effort will pay off. In terms of exit opportunities within real estate, REITs are a common destination for analysts; some people also move onto real estate private equity firms or hedge funds. Yes this helps a lot. Proximity to other major cities is a driver in the Asia market, as is transportation infrastructure (See here for an example of a lodging company’s overview). "�3:�;%�;�J�� �`^(P}X1XC�PzG�`E0@A� #���,ъ�w���h�H�2�f��\@,��� A: It depends on the group, but at most large banks the focus is on REITs, the other sectors above, and companies that own chains of hotels and resorts rather than individual properties. Taking 1-2 solid courses that increase your financial skills & show recruiters that you have solid finance knowledge is sufficient; the rest depends on your performance in interviews (key is to land one first). It’s incredibly vital to find someone who can sponsor (similar to mentoring, but more like one step above) your entry into an investment banking team, and from there help to look after your progress in terms of assignments. Free Exclusive Report: 57-page guide with the action plan you need to break into investment banking - how to tell your story, network, craft a winning resume, and dominate your interviews. The accounting section of CFI’s investment banking book includes: Accounting and analysis fundamentals 1. You can tell me about more than one position that I should aim for. A: Here’s how I think about the different recruiting channels, if opportunity were a house and you were looking to “break in”: The recruiting process is kind of like dating – it requires getting to know your partner, being accommodating, and not going in with a canned agenda. 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