The outputs or results provided by the system 150 may include detailed reports generated by one or more of the applications and/or tools 156-178 and/or actionable intelligence. 2 is a block diagram of a threat mapper according to an embodiment of the disclosure. The completeness of the account information, for example the availability of mother's birth date information, card security code (CSC), customer identification number (CID), card verification value (CVV), and other information, may also affect the value of the account information. In block 220, intelligence personnel investigate to confirm the involvement in the electronic crime, or another electronic crime, of the person and/or group identified in block 216, for example field office personnel located in a foreign country where electronic criminals associated with the subject electronic crime are known to gather. 3 is a flow chart of a method according to an embodiment of the disclosure. 01-Chap 1 InvestigTech 10/10/07 12:41 PM Page i. OCT. 07 . In some cases, information contained in the threat fusion center database 180, for example an identified tool or an identified malware, may not be used in a specific electronic crime but may be useful in investigating the electronic crime and developing leads for further investigation. The actionable report may provide valuable information for financial institutions, for example banks and credit card issuers, for use in resisting and countering electronic crime. The method also comprises analyzing a technique of monetization used to conduct an electronic crime and/or a technique of laundering used to conduct the electronic crime. avoid detection. If the location identified in the challenge response does not agree substantially with the location determined by the location tool, the access attempt may be rejected and an alert may be raised. Copyright © 2020 Accounts whose account credentials have been acquired by electronic criminals and/or identity thieves may be referred to in some contexts as compromised or as compromised accounts. Based on knowledge of the anti-fraud mechanisms, the electronic criminal may analyze histories of transactions of individual accounts to try to anticipate what transactions on a specific account would be allowed by the anti-fraud mechanisms and what transactions might be blocked. Bots may be installed via computer viruses, worms, Trojan horses, backdoors, and other means known to those of skill in the art. The results of the malware parser 168 may be stored in the threat fusion center database 180. We can do that by detecting attempts to pick the lock. The origins of the sub-specialty only date back about a half-decade. The loop from 266 to 258 to 262 represents the continuous and on-going gathering of electronic crime information and the building up of this information in the threat fusion center database 180. “You’ll start seeing it more as a line item than it has been” in department’s budgets, Rispoli said. A variety of techniques may be employed by the transaction log analyzer 156 including analyzing the time duration between accesses to an account, the time duration between accesses to a plurality of accounts, and patterns of accesses. In other cases, malware may be purchased by intelligence personnel under cover. In some cases, the electronic crime may temporarily expropriate computer resources of innocent individuals or corporations to execute malware—software promoting various kinds of electronic crime—to collect account and/or other credential information, to conduct laundering operations, and other activities supporting electronic crime. Privacy Policy Jordan said although his exact training techniques are “proprietary,” drilling dogs on TPPO is “just a bit more difficult…this odor is so minute.”. NCJ 213030 The inference engine 178 may analyze characteristics of compromised accounts to infer vulnerabilities of the accounts, to set baselines, and to determine trends. FIG. The time duration of a human being accessing an account manually may exhibit characteristic delays between accesses as well as characteristic timing variability. & Terms of Use. “Right now, the biggest difficulty in agencies that want them is funding,” Jordan said. The term malware may be used generally to refer to any software that is directed to an illegal or ill-willed purpose, such as acquiring accounts, authenticating compromised accounts, and extracting value from accounts. ... Wada F. and Odulaja G. O. Additionally, while a rudimentary example of mirroring account holder actions is given above, in other specific cases more complicated monetization actions may be performed, for example monetization actions that comprise linking two or more transactions. The method also comprises investigating to confirm involvement of the person and/or the group and intervening to reduce the electronic crime threat posed by the person and/or the group. The accounts may also comprise business accounts, such as Internet auction accounts and/or Internet retail outlet accounts, that may provide access to stored financial account information and/or may provide the authority or an identity to complete transactions as a buyer, as a seller, or as both. As technology advances, surveillance devices are getting smaller and more discreet, which is bad news for targets of e-harassment. By attacking these three economic legs of the electronic crime business process, the electronic criminals will be driven, by rational consideration of their economic self-interest, to seek other less toughened targets or entirely different modes of criminal activity. For example, an account of a business man may show repeating patterns of first purchasing a plane ticket to an international destination and then paying for an expensive meal at a restaurant at that same international destination. 3, a method 200 is now discussed. The electronic criminal may learn the functioning of anti-fraud mechanisms, either through receiving shared knowledge from other electronic criminals or through actual theft and analysis of anti-fraud software. The funds in the third compromised account then may be used to purchase virtual currency in a virtual world, for example SECOND LIFE, and the virtual currency may be used to perfect a character or asset in the virtual world. It is an insight of this disclosure that, over time, electronic criminals have been compelled to increase the speed or velocity of the electronic crime business process 100, to avoid detection and for other reasons. 2, a system 150 for electronic crime detection and tracking is described. "In conferences he attended around the country… It's the most comprehensive and trusted online destination for law enforcement agencies and police departments worldwide. The method 200 may mitigate or reduce losses from electronic crime in a number of ways. As discussed above, the individual may be identified by name or may be unnamed. The information about the electronic crime may be obtained from two or three of the credential collection phase 102, the monetization phase 104, and the laundering phase 106 of the electronic crime business process 100. “Everybody stores everything, either on their cell phone or an SD card,” Jordan said. In an embodiment, the threat fusion center database 180 may promote searching at the conceptual level and/or semantic level. For example, an electronic criminal may break into a first compromised account and initiate a transfer of funds to a transit routing number or an American Banker's Association (ABA) number of an account located in a bank in Beijing, Budapest, Moscow, or Prague. © 2004-2020 FreePatentsOnline.com. In some embodiments, a threat fusion center, comprising a database containing a variety of electronic crime intelligence, may be used to conduct the threat mapping. The identification of the person and/or group may be performed using the inference engine application 178 or by conducting a manual search of the threat fusion center database 180, for example using the workstation 194. However, funding for dogs is available through two non-profits: Neighborhood Electronic Detection K9, Inc. and Operation Underground Railroad. At block 212, the credential collection technique, the monetization technique, and the laundering technique used by the electronic crime are analyzed. With such a network connection, it is contemplated that the processor 782 might receive information from the network, or might output information to the network in the course of performing the above-described method steps. The malware may promote hacking into a secure computer system to obtain account information. Select the option or tab named “Internet Options (Internet Explorer)”, “Options (Firefox)”, “Preferences (Safari)” or “Settings (Chrome)”. Secure financial account networks and/or computer systems may be broken into by hackers and/or electronic criminals by defeating or circumventing electronic security to acquire account information. Care should be taken not to confuse authenticating attempts to access the accounts, which may be performed by software executed by the financial institution hosting the accounts, with compromised account authentication, which is performed by electronic criminals and/or identity thieves. While only one processor 792 is shown, multiple processors may be present. I was hoping the dog would do well.”. Investigative Uses of Technology: Devices,Tools, and Techniques . The stratification of accounts into risk categories and/or the assessment of a numerical risk value may promote the selective application of more or less aggressive anti-fraud mechanisms to specific accounts based on their assessed risk. This process of accessing accounts without transferring funds may be referred to as authenticating compromised accounts. The Labs have a very amicable personality,” Jordan said, and are not intimidating, so they have other uses, including calming victims during interviews. As a general observation, the complexity of laundering techniques are only limited by the creativity and imagination of the electronic criminal. The most notable new crime … The pattern may be characterized by both the presence of a first type of access, for example an access to account history, as well as the absence of a second type of access, for example an access to make a deposit. Frustrated by mounds and mounds of trash, police brought Jordan in with another one of his dogs, Chip. General purpose computers are discussed in greater detail herein after. Electronic monitoring is a form of digital incarceration, often in the form of a wrist bracelet or ankle “shackle” that can monitor a subject’s location, and sometimes also their blood alcohol level or … Electronic surveillance definition, surveillance or the gathering of information by surreptitious use of electronic devices, as in crime detection or espionage. In addition to having a hyper-sensitive nose, the dogs provide the peace of mind that detectives have done everything they can to collect evidence when they leave a house. The person and/or group of potential interest may be named or unnamed. “Once ‘Subway Jared’ happened – it was right in my backyard – it just exploded from there,” he said. The signature, which may also be referred to as an attack signature, may be employed to refine fraud prevention tools deployed by a financial institution that has experienced an attack by electronic criminals. Electronic criminals may be interested in determining the pattern of account transactions because a preferred technique of subverting fraud prevention and/or identity theft prevention mechanisms is to mirror legitimate account holder transactions or to mirror behavior of the legitimate account holder. The method also comprises populating the harvested intelligence into a database and generating actionable reports based on information on an electronic crime obtained from at least two of the three phases of the business process and based on the harvested intelligence in the database. Although trainers may disagree over some of the finer points of putting K-9s through the paces, they agree it boils down to repetition – getting the dogs to recognize the TPPO scent. The information may include known malware, known techniques of specific electronic criminals, known locations of launches of electronic crime, and others. The reports may be used to initiate a surveillance of the electronic criminal, in hopes of identifying others complicit with the subject electronic criminal and taking down an entire ring of electronic criminals or in hopes of gaining deeper insights into the methods of electronic criminals. The aggregation of a plurality of arbitrary coding style preferences, as determined by statistical analysis of the malware compared to a library of code developed by other unassociated developers, can constitute a sufficiently unique collection of attributes so as to define a coding signature of the malware developer and support the inference that malware exhibiting the coding signature was developed by the subject developer. Since cybercrime is like a smart key, we can build a smarter keyhole to detect illegal entry. Crime Pattern Detection Using Data Mining Shyam Varan Nath Oracle Corporation [email protected] +1(954) 609 2402 Abstract Data mining can be used to model crime detection … Jordan said that in the past he has agreed to train a dog at an investigator’s request, only to find out later the investigator’s chief had vetoed the idea. The reports may be used to identify a travel pattern or travel itinerary of an electronic criminal to arrange arrest of the electronic criminal during transit through a point of cooperative jurisdictional presence. Further, in some embodiments, advantages and benefits can be obtained by using the teachings of the present disclosure to work to combat electronic crime in the monetization phase alone, in the laundering phase alone, or in the monetization and the laundering phases alone, without working in the credential collection phase of the electronic crime process. 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