5 kg cornelian cherry, 5 cups sugar, 6 lt water. JESSICA M on Feb 14, 2017 In Lee Reich's book "Landscaping with Fruit", he states that Cornelian cherry trees are one of the finest ornamentals. Spectacular Cornelian Cherry, Cornus Mas Dogwood Potted Plant, Great as a Accent Plant, Starter Plant. There are gray-green patches on the trunk of my tree. If you found this entry useful, informative, or inspiring, please consider a donation of any size to help POP in planting and supporting community orchards in Philadelphia: phillyorchards.org/donate. Researchers from the former USSR found that the fruit flesh and seed oil can help damaged skin to recover, and successfully used them to cure difficult-to-heal wounds, stomach ulcers, and colitis. The fruit turn cherry red in late summer and are edible. Now on to the tasty stuff! In Turkey, the fruits are used to flavor sherbet, as well as to make jams and marmalades. It has large berries with leathery skin. Want the Philadelphia Orchard Project newsletter direct to your inbox 6 times a year or twice-monthly volunteer email updates? Even though the leaves and bark are very similar, distinguishing this tree from flowering dogwood is easy. Fill out this form, and we’ll send them your way. SUPPORT US! Fruits ripen over a long period of time, around August and September. While Cornelian Cherries can be grown from seed, grafted Cornelian Cherries reach maturity more quickly; grown from seed, they can taken 3-5 years to flower, and 6-10 years to bear fruit, while grafted varieties will usually start fruiting within 1-2 years of transplanting. Recent Russian research has found that the fruit contains substances that can leach radioactivity from the body. They can be eaten fresh or dried, though they need to be fully ripe in order to lose some of their bitterness. Trunks can reach around eight inches in diameter. The so-called "five elements" theory in Chinese Medicine states that the taste of TCM ingredients is a key determinant of their action in the body. Rinse the cherries and put in a pot of hot water. Also I can work it into a decorative type landscape and either eat the fruit or leave it for the wildlife. They are native to central and southern Europe, Asia Minor, Armenia, and the Caucuses, and grow best in dry, deciduous forests. With their versatility, deliciousness, and hardiness, they are definitely a great tree to have around. If you can estimate something halfway between a sweet black cherry and a plum, with some tartness thrown in, you might be close. Other names for the tree include Japanese cornelian cherry, Korean dogwood, Chinese dogwood, strawberry dog wood tree, and kousa dogwood. Juice made from the fruit has been used to help with diabetes. Cornelian cherry dogwood trees frequently get covered in berries so it is possible to use them in pies and jams. The fruit are high in vitamin C. Cornelian cherry dogwoods are most commonly planted as ornamentals in home landscapes. In Ukraine, they are juiced and sold commercially as soft drinks, and are also fermented into wine and distilled into liqueur. In the Middle Ages, Cornelian Cherries made their way into European monasteries, and were introduced to Britain in the 16th century, where they were widely grown as an ornamental by the 18th century. Keep all plants away from children. 2150 Beardshear Hall Any testimonials on this web site are based on individual results and do not constitute a warranty of safety or guarantee that you will achieve the same results.Neither the Philadelphia Orchard Project nor its employees, interns, volunteers, or website contributors may be held liable or responsible for any allergy, illness​,​ or injurious effect that any person or animal may suffer as a result of reliance on the information contained on this website nor as a result of the ingestion or use of any of the plants mentioned ​herein. The fruit of this large shrub is the only tasty edible of all native Canadian dogwoods. What should I do? It’s also been found that planting several cultivars of Cornelian Cherries can improve the fruit yield. They can also be used as screens and windbreaks, or trimmed and used as hedges. The tiny, yellow, early flowers … In Turkey and Iran, the Wiki entry says, it is eaten with salt as a snack in summer, and traditionally drunk in a cold drink called kizilcik sherbeti. However, several cultivars (‘Elegant,’ ‘Red Star,’ ‘Pioneer,’ and others) are grown for their fruit. These berries are also consumed in their dried form. A popular summer fruit called zoghal akhteh in Iran, this berry-like fruit (dubbed “Cornelian Cherry” in the West) is rarely if ever eaten in the U.S. — and then, mostly by the birds! The juice is sometimes fermented into wine. The cornelian cherry dogwood is an adaptable, durable, and relatively pest-free small tree. A. In Russia, the fruit is used in jams, jellies, fruit candies, purees, soft drinks, and sauces. Unless foraged by Iranian, Russian, Turkish, or Eastern European enthusiasts who … Cornelian Cherry is used in culinary purposes and can be consumed raw or cooked. The dried fruits are sold for use in traditional … Ames, IA 50011-2031 They are also resistant to drought and suffer from very few pests and diseases. In conclusion, Cornelian Cherries are pretty awesome. The leaves of the tree are high in tannins, and can be used for tanning, and a yellow dye can be made from the bark. The fruit turn cherry red in late summer and are edible. Dogwood fruit, or Asiatic cornelian cherry fruit, is from the Japanese dogwood scientifically named Cornus kousa. Acidic and sweet, the cherries can be eaten raw or dried, and are also commonly used in preserves and to make wine and liqueur. It's one of those fruits that does not store well once it is ready to eat, and there is some significant wastage as not all the fruits ripen properly for eating. Locals do not only eat cornels, they make tasty syrups and even wine of it. Products made from the leaves, flowers, and fruit are used to treat sore throats, digestion problems, measles, chickenpox, anemia, and rickets. The cornelian cherry dogwood produces small, yellow flowers in round, 3/4-inch-wide clusters in early spring. We’ve never eaten them, but … In Ancient Greece, the wood was so closely associated with weaponry that its Greek name was often used as a synonym for ‘spear’ in poetry during the fourth and third centuries BC. In Russia, the cherries are made into wine and added to vodka, and Russian cornelian cherry preserve is served in small dishes and eaten as a luxury sweet with steaming hot black tea. As mentioned earlier, Cornelian Cherry wood is very dense (so dense, in fact, that it will not float in water), and can therefore be used to make smaller, domestic implements such as handles, utensils, skewers, etc. Cornelian cherries are widespread mostly in central regions; you can easily find bright red bushes in almost every village there. 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